A blood sugar levels chart can show you at a glance where your current blood sugar puts you on the range of possible normal and abnormal values. Blood sugar levels can be high or low. Both are dangerous to your health in different ways. High blood sugar is called "hyperglycemia" and low blood sugar is called "hypoglycemia."
There are different circumstances when doctors measure your blood sugar. After an overnight fast when you have not eaten for 8-12 hours is a basic way, but then you also need to test blood sugar after eating, typically about 2 hours after eating, to see how high the blood sugar went. Finally, doctors may have you do a test called an oral glucose tolerance test in which they give you a standard sweet drink in the clinical laboratory and take several blood samples before and after to see how your body handles a standard amount of pure sugar intake.
Here are blood sugar levels charts from the US Government website at http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/diagnosis/ to help:
FPG means fasting blood or plasma glucose levels:
For women who are pregnant, they have somewhat more detailed cut-offs for blood sugar levels:
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